Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. With an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers, Europe is the world’s second smallest continent by landmass. So, what is the largest country in Europe? Read on to find out!
Europe’s land area
Europe is the second smallest continent in the world, covering just over 10 million square kilometers. Russia is the largest country in Europe, covering more than one-sixth of the continent. With an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers, it is nearly twice the size of the second largest country, France.
Russia is the largest country in Europe and the ninth largest country in the world. With an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers, Russia covers about one-eighth of the Earth’s land surface.
Russia shares borders with fourteen different countries: Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. Additionally, Russia has a maritime border with Japan.
With a population of 144 million people (as of 2019), Russia is the ninth most populous country in the world. The majority of the population is Russian (80%), followed by Tatar (3%), Ukrainian (2%), Bashkir (1%), Chuvash (1%), and other ethnic groups making up the remaining 13%.
The official language of Russia is Russian; however, there are over 100 minority languages spoken throughout the country. Some of these include Tatar, Chechen, Ingushsian Avaroid languages like Lezgian and Rutul as well as Komi-Zyrian Permian languages like Udmurt and Mari.
The largest country in Europe is Russia, which covers more than one-sixth of the continent. Ukraine is the second largest country in Europe, with a land area of 579,330 square kilometers. That makes it about the size of Texas or France.
Ukraine is located in Eastern Europe and is bordered by Belarus to the north, Poland to the northwest, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv (also spelled Kiev).
Kazakhstan is the largest country in Europe and the ninth largest country in the world. With an area of 2,724,900 square kilometers, Kazakhstan is about four times the size of France.
Kazakhstan is a landlocked country located in Central Asia. It borders Russia to the north, China to the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan to the south. The Caspian Sea lies to the west of Kazakhstan.
The landscape of Kazakhstan is varied, with mountains, steppes (grassy plains), and deserts. The country has many rivers and lakes, as well as natural resources such as oil and gas reserves.
The capital city of Kazakhstan is Astana, which was renamed from Akmola in 1998. Other major cities include Almaty (the former capital), Shymkent, Karaganda, and Taraz.
Turkey is the largest country in Europe, both in terms of land area and population. It covers an area of 780,000 square kilometers (300,000 square miles), making it roughly the size of Texas. And with a population of over 80 million people, Turkey is also one of the most populous countries in Europe.
Turkey straddles two continents – Europe and Asia – and its culture reflects this duality. Turkish cuisine, for instance, combines Middle Eastern and Mediterranean influences. The country is also home to some of the world’s most famous archaeological sites, including the ruins of Ephesus and Troy.
Tourism is a major industry in Turkey, with the country welcoming over 40 million visitors each year. Istanbul, Turkey’s largest city, is a particularly popular destination, due to its rich history and diverse culture. Other popular tourist destinations include Ankara (the capital city), Bodrum (a resort town on the Aegean Sea), and Cappadocia (a region known for its unique landscape).
Other contenders for largest European country
In addition to Russia, there are a few other contenders for the title of largest European country. One is Ukraine, which has an area of 603,628 square kilometers. Another is France, which has an area of 547,030 square kilometers. And finally, there is Spain, which has an area of 504,030 square kilometers. All of these countries are larger than Germany, which has an area of 357,021 square kilometers.
The largest country in Europe is Russia, which covers a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. This makes it almost twice the size of the second largest country in Europe, which is France. Russia’s huge size is due to its many different regions, including the vast plains of Siberia and the forests of the Ural Mountains. With so much land to explore, it’s no wonder that Russia is such a popular tourist destination.